State of the Nordic Region 2018: Immigration and Integration Edition

image of State of the Nordic Region 2018: Immigration and Integration Edition

State of the Nordic Region 2018 Migration and Integration presents a series of facts and figures showing the current state of integration within core socioeconomic sectors, including demography, the labour force, health, and foreign background in state funded culture in the Nordic Region. The report is produced by Nordregio, an international research center for regional development and planning established by the Nordic Council of Ministers, on behalf of Nordic Welfare Centre and the programme Nordic co-operation on integration of refugees and migrants, along with Nordic Agency for Cultural Policy Analysis. The report is partly based on State of the Nordic Region 2018, which is a unique compilation of statistics and maps, giving a detailed view of the Nordic countries at both national and regional level.



Foreign-Born persons in the Nordic Region

In line with the general trend of increased immigration to the Nordic Region discussed under Theme 1 of this report, the number of inhabitants who are born abroad is increasing across the Nordic Region. While this trend is most pronounced in the capital areas and other big cities, it can also be seen in almost all Nordic municipalities and regions. The share of foreign-born persons in the total population is often used as an indicator for overall migration. However, it is a less useful indicator when it comes to studying refugee populations. This is because the statistics on the foreign-born population do not say anything about the reasons for migration, an important detail when it comes to policy-making. Still, statistics based on country of origin is often used by media and different authorities to estimate the proportion of refugees and labour migrants in, for example, the labour market, based on the assumption that migrants from certain countries could be considered to be either refugees or labour migrants. This chapter will first show how the numbers of foreign-born persons in the population have changed in the Nordic Region in recent decades, before presenting the variations across Nordic countries regarding foreign-born persons as a share of the total population.


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