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The Nordic Monitoring System 2011-2014

Status and development of diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol and overweight

image of The Nordic Monitoring System 2011-2014

This report describes the results of the first and second collection of data in the joint Nordic Monitoring System of diet, physical activity and overweight. It is well recognized that health in the European Region needs to be improved and Nordic public health researchers have since 2008 developed and validated a Nordic method to assess diet and physical activity among adults and children. Data has collected on health behaviour and overweight in 2011 and 2014 among 18,000 adults and 5,000 children. During the three year survey period, significant changes have occurred in the Nordic countries, especially among adults. The Nordic Monitoring System shows that lifestyle and weight status differ between the Nordic countries despite highly comparable societal structures. Favorable and unfavorable health behaviour is present in all countries and there are areas to be improved in all countries.

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Methods

Telephone interviews were performed in the five Nordic countries with a validated questionnaire (Fagt et al. 2012). A simple questionnaire with indicator questions on diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, body weight and height, and a few sociodemographic questions were used in the Nordic monitoring. It took approximately 15 minutes to perform the telephone interview. The questionnaire contained the same number of questions in all the Nordic countries, except for the questions regarding bread intake which were different in Sweden and Iceland due to other bread habits. Questions on consumption of alcoholic beverages as well as smoking behaviour have been added in the 2014 data collection. Questions on smokeless tobacco (snuff) were not included in Denmark because use of smokeless tobacco has not been very prevalent in Denmark so far.

English

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