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SLiCA: Arctic living conditions

Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula

image of SLiCA: Arctic living conditions

Arctic Social Indicators II (ASI-II) is a follow-up activity to ASI-I (2010) and the first Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR, 2004). The objective of ASI (2010) was to develop a small set of Arctic specific social indicators that as a collective would help facilitate the tracking and monitoring of change in human development in the Arctic. ASI indicators were developed for six domains that are considered prominent aspects of human development in the Arctic by residents in the Arctic: Health and Population; Material Wellbeing; Education; Cultural Wellbeing; Contact with Nature; and Fate Control.

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“Boys aren't taught anything anymore!”, The Role of Gender in Native Subsistence, Work Patterns, and Aspirations in Northwest Alaska

Patterns of and desires for subsistence and employment differ considerably among Iñupiat and Yup’ik living in Northwest Alaska. Previous studies (Bodenhorn 1990; Kleinfeld 2006; Hamilton & Seyfrit 1994; Hamilton &Mitiguy 2009) have shown that males and females diverge in their aspirations for education, employment, and outmigration, for example – findings suggesting that the region could face increasing social, economic, and cultural pressures in coming decades as females are more likely to leave small communities in favor of stable, year-round work more likely to be located in more populated areas, while males may be more apt to remain in villages performing subsistence. This chapter examines differences in four dependent variables associated with these issues from the Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic (SLiCA) across gender: the number of subsistence activities respondents reported participating in during the previous year, the number of hours worked in the previous week in wage employment, whether respondents had considered moving elsewhere within the previous five years, and lifestyle aspirations for wage work only or one characterized by mixed wage and subsistence work. Findings illustrate considerable difference between men and women in factors affecting work patterns and desires, and point to a changing social landscape in the region.

English

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