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Nordic monitoring of diet, physical activity and overweight

First collection of data in all Nordic Countries 2011

image of Nordic monitoring of diet, physical activity and overweight

The report describes the results of the first collection of data in the joint Nordic monitoring study of diet, physical activity and overweight. The study provides baseline data for frequency of intake in selected foods, physical activity level and prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Nordic countries. Telephone interviews were performed in the Nordic countries with the same validated questionnaire using simple indicator questions. The interviews were carried out in the autumn of 2011 including 9153 adults and 2479 children. The results show that all countries are far from the goals in the Nordic Plan of Action and there are areas to be improved in all countries. The study gives a good status for dietary intake indicators, indicators for physical activity, sedentary time and overweight which makes it possible follow changes in these parameters over time in the Nordic countries.

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Overall conclusion

All countries are far from the goals of vegetable and fruit intake, sugar rich food is consumed more than 5 times a day in all countries, the intake of fish is low except in Iceland and in adults in Norway and too few children are physically active at least 1 hour a day. There are areas to be improved in all countries and according to this study there are some differences between countries; Denmark have the highest proportion who do not use spread on bread, but have fish more seldom than in the other countries. In Finland a higher proportion than in other countries use Becel Pro Activ on bread and more are physical active. Sweden has the highest intake frequency of sausages, the type of bread eaten differed from the other countries and, furthermore, Sweden have a high proportion of physical active people (as Finland), Iceland have a frequent intake of fish, the highest proportion who use oil for cooking, the most frequent intake of sugar rich food and the highest proportion of overweight and obese. However, Icelanders spend less time in front of a computer compared with the other countries. Norwegians have, according to this survey, the highest intake of fruits and vegetables but also the highest consumption of full fat cheese and spend more time in front of a computer than participants from other countries.

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