Nordic Integration and Settlement Policies for Refugees

A Comparative Analysis of Labour Market Integration Outcomes

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This report has been commissioned by the Labour Market Committee of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The chief aim is to provide policy-relevant knowledge by conducting a comparative analysis of refugee labour-market integration in Scandinavia. Instead of focusing on the well-known employment gap or the fiscal impact of refugee unemployment, this study investigates the divergent impacts of integration programmes and settlement policies for refugees from different backgrounds. Through longitudinal comparative analysis, this study examines the labour-market integration of refugees in Denmark, Norway and Sweden, searching for explanations of cross-national differences by combining statistical analyses with in-depth analyses of national policies and governance structures.



Descriptive analysis of employment and enrolment in education

This chapter describes the population distribution on the dependent variables. As noted, the ultimate political goals in all three countries are self-sufficiency and integration into society. The Scandinavian governments generally operationalize these goals by measuring the two following outcomes: employment and/or enrolment in education x years after settlement. Due to lack of harmonization, direct comparison of outcomes for participants in the Scandinavian integration programmes has been lacking. We ask: how do participants in the Scandinavian integration programmes fare in the labour market? Are there cross-national differences?


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