Nordic Integration and Settlement Policies for Refugees

A Comparative Analysis of Labour Market Integration Outcomes

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This report has been commissioned by the Labour Market Committee of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The chief aim is to provide policy-relevant knowledge by conducting a comparative analysis of refugee labour-market integration in Scandinavia. Instead of focusing on the well-known employment gap or the fiscal impact of refugee unemployment, this study investigates the divergent impacts of integration programmes and settlement policies for refugees from different backgrounds. Through longitudinal comparative analysis, this study examines the labour-market integration of refugees in Denmark, Norway and Sweden, searching for explanations of cross-national differences by combining statistical analyses with in-depth analyses of national policies and governance structures.



Measures in the integration programmes

This chapter will document to what extent the three countries use different measures in the integration programs, and analyse how the different program measures relates to employment and education outcomes. As noted in Chapter 3, the three countries operate with different categories in classifying programme measures, which complicates cross-national comparison. However, there are three categories that are similar in all countries: language training, regular education and subsidized employment. We first present an overview of the use of programme measures in each country, and discuss differences between the countries. Then we present regression analyses of how the programme measures affect employment outcomes in each country, before comparing them cross-nationally.


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