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New Policies to Promote Youth Inclusion

Accommodation of diversity in the Nordic Welfare States

image of New Policies to Promote Youth Inclusion

This report examines changes over time among young adults who have experienced particular difficulties in achieving and retaining paid work in the ordinary labour market: youth with family background from non-Nordic countries and youth with disabilities in the Nordic countries. The report identifies processes and mechanisms enabling or preventing the labour market prospects of the two youth groups. The report focuses on policy measures aiming at tackling demand-side barriers to employment for the two youth groups. While available data have not made it possible to determine robust evidence of an effect (positive or negative) of the social regulation policies for the employment of vulnerable youth groups in statistical terms, the report identifies processes and mechanisms through which social regulation policies make a difference.

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Concluding discussion: Regulating diversity in the labour market

Despite reforms in the redistributive policy measures and the adoption of new regulatory policies to enhance the employment prospects of ethnic minority youth, the Nordic countries still witness ethno-cultural divides in the employment prospects for young adults. Similarly there is little evidence that suggest that the Nordic countries managed to improve the employment prospects for young adults with disabilities in the last decade. Despite the uncertainties related to the reliability and comparability of available figures, there can be no doubt that a large proportion of young adults with disabilities have been practically excluded from gainful employment in the Nordic countries. Together ethnicity and disability ads to our understanding of social divisions in the Nordic countries today (in addition to social class and gender) (Williams, 1995).

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