Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

image of Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. Education policy, active labour market policy, social benefit policy and wage policy are analysed. A key conclusion is that no single policy is likely to suffice. Instead, various policies have to be combined. The exact policy mix must depend on evaluations of the trade-offs with other policy objectives.



Education Efforts for Immigrants

This chapter examines the role of education in facilitating the integration of immigrants in the Nordic countries. I use PIAAC data to document that immigrant employment improves with skills as it does for natives. The roles of pre-primary education, the school system, and adult education in improving immigrant skills is studied. Pre-primary education is positively correlated with test scores, but immigrant attendance rates are relatively low. Schools allocate resources towards immigrants, but we lack evidence on the effectiveness of these efforts. Immigrants participate in adult education programmes more than in the rest of Europe and participation is positively correlated with skills.


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