Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

image of Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. Education policy, active labour market policy, social benefit policy and wage policy are analysed. A key conclusion is that no single policy is likely to suffice. Instead, various policies have to be combined. The exact policy mix must depend on evaluations of the trade-offs with other policy objectives.



Employment Effects of Welfare Policies for Non-Western Immigrant Women

We summarise the employment effects from impact studies of five types of welfare policies for non-Western adult immigrant women in the Nordics. Active labour market and social benefit policies have mostly had positive effects on women’s employment rates in the short run. Extensions of the introduction programmes for newly arrived immigrants have in most cases had no or even negative short-term effects. An exception is the Swedish establishment programme, which raised employment after two-three years. The family policies that we analyse have not raised employment. Most studies only consider shortterm effects, but two exceptions are found for language courses within the introduction programme and post-secondary education. Both types of policies have been successful in facilitating immigrant women’s entry into the labour market in the long run.


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