Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

image of Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. Education policy, active labour market policy, social benefit policy and wage policy are analysed. A key conclusion is that no single policy is likely to suffice. Instead, various policies have to be combined. The exact policy mix must depend on evaluations of the trade-offs with other policy objectives.



How Should the Integration Efforts for Immigrants Be Organised?

How should the labour market integration for immigrants be organised in order to be successful? We compare what contract theory suggests with the empirical research on the topic. We compensate for the scarce empirical literature by looking at the larger group of hard-to-place unemployed persons as well as at employment services more generally. We find that for-profit private service providers are not more effective than public providers in this area, and are often more costly to use, even when the private provider is the incumbent. There is no clear picture regarding the relative efficiency of local versus central responsibility for integration policy.


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