Arctic Human Development Report

Regional Processes and Global Linkages

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The goals of the second volume of the AHDR – Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages – are to provide an update to the first AHDR (2004) in terms of an assessment of the state of Arctic human development; to highlight the major trends and changes unfolding related to the various issues and thematic areas of human development in the Arctic over the past decade; and, based on this assessment, to identify policy relevant conclusions and key gaps in knowledge, new and emerging Arctic success stories.



Cultures and Identities

“Culture” and “identity” are two highly contested and debated notions, which permeate current public and political discourses throughout the Arctic. They also refer to features by which individuals, groups and peoples claim, negotiate or assert their differences in the context of national or ethnic frameworks. To share a culture or share an identity (national, ethnic, class or otherwise) implies that one shares certain features with members of that group. Since these features can be easily essentialized and rigidified in political and nationalist discourses, notions of “culture” and “identity” can lead to political exclusion, alienation, tension or conflict.


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