1887

PFAS in Paper and Board for Food Contact

Options for Risk Management of Poly- and Perfluorinated Substances

image of PFAS in Paper and Board for Food Contact

Poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) are used in paper and board food contact materials (FCMs) and they have been found to be highly persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic. The purpose of the Nordic workshop and of this report is to:* create an overview of the use of PFAS in FCMs of paper and board and of the toxicity and migration into food of the various substances* provide an overview of whether appropriate risk assessments for fluorinated substances exist as a basis for specific regulations or recommendations* provide an overview of whether analytical methods suitable for analysing and regulating the substances are available* discuss the possibility and structure of national regulations or Nordic recommendations for PFAS in FCMs of paper and board. Risk management to reduce the total content of organically bound fluorine in paper and board FCMs is supported.

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Risk assessment considerations

A vast number of fluorochemicals are used in FCMs, some of which will be degraded to PFCAs and to PFSAs. However, no overview of the currently used FCMs containing PFAS or the composition or concentrations of PFAS in technical mixtures intended for use in FCMs exists. We also lack exploratory data for the identities, compositions, and concentrations of PFAS in technical mixtures used for FCMs. This hampers the development of confirmatory analysis of human exposure specifically from FCMs that is needed as input for quantitative risk assessment.

English

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