PFAS in Paper and Board for Food Contact

Options for Risk Management of Poly- and Perfluorinated Substances

image of PFAS in Paper and Board for Food Contact

Poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) are used in paper and board food contact materials (FCMs) and they have been found to be highly persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic. The purpose of the Nordic workshop and of this report is to:* create an overview of the use of PFAS in FCMs of paper and board and of the toxicity and migration into food of the various substances* provide an overview of whether appropriate risk assessments for fluorinated substances exist as a basis for specific regulations or recommendations* provide an overview of whether analytical methods suitable for analysing and regulating the substances are available* discuss the possibility and structure of national regulations or Nordic recommendations for PFAS in FCMs of paper and board. Risk management to reduce the total content of organically bound fluorine in paper and board FCMs is supported.



Analysis of fluorochemicals in paper and board

Analysis of PFAS consists of a sample preparation part (in the material, in a food simulant, or in food), and detection of the compounds. This chapter describes the most common quantitative detection methods, being target and semi-target mass spectrometric methods and screening for total organic fluorine. Methods that are less commonly used will not be described here, such as 19F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), sliding spark, and Raman spectroscopy, since they are either too expensive or not sufficiently sensitive to be considered as options for compliance testing.


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