1887

Pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products as environmental pollutants

Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland

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The application of pharmaceuticals and personal care products is substantial in industrialized and high-income north-western European societies. Faroe Island, Iceland and Greenland are part of this modern society, although some areas are more suffused by technology and modern living than others. This also pertains to the standards of the local solutions for waste water treatment systems, but not so much to the health services. The present report summarises the results of screening analyses of pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products in presumed hotspots in Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. The study focuses on sewage lines from households and industry in general, and from hospitals. In all 38 pharmaceuticals or metabolites of pharmaceuticals and 7 personal care products were analysed.

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Summary

The report summarises the results of screening analyses of pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products in presumed hotspots in Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. The compounds analysed were human pharmaceuticals that is compounds that are administered to alleviate and cure symptoms and illnesses. Also, the study included analyses of compounds added to personal care products to increase their hygienic properties or shelf live. The selection of pharmaceuticals and personal care substances, PPCPs, for the study, was based on assessments of pharmaceutical use in Faroe Island, Iceland and Nuuk, Greenland in 2010. In addition, studies of administered volumes of pharmaceuticals in Nordic Countries and assessment of risk to the environment posed by these, as well as results of a recent screening and risk assessment study performed in Norway, founded the basis for selecting substances included for screening in the present study. Sampling was done in 2010 and supplementary sampling in 2011. In all 38 pharmaceuticals or metabolites of pharmaceuticals and 7 additives in personal care products were analysed. The analyses were done on a total of 44 samples, whereof some were analysed as parallel samples and some as duplicates.

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