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Genetic consequences of fisheries and fisheries management

Report from a multi-disciplinary workshop in Rönne, Bornholm, 25–26 October 2006

image of Genetic consequences of fisheries and fisheries management

This report summarizes talks, discussions and conclusions from a multi-disciplinary workshop on genetic consequences of fisheries and fisheries management held in Rönne, Bornholm in October 2006. The workshop was intended for fishermen, scientists, decision makers, managers and other stakeholders from the Nordic countries. The main objectives were to improve communication between parties involved in fisheries management present current knowledge regarding genetic consequences of fisheries, and highlight the importance of including genetic/biological data in the management of exploited fish species agree upon recommendations on how genetic considerations could be implemented in management and decision making processes.

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Co-management as an alternative management strategy

Co-management implies that fishermen and other stakeholders (scientists, managers, governments etc) are involved in decision-making processes and the development of management strategies. One advantage with this way of managing aquatic resources is that decisions concerning for example exploitation rates tend to get higher acceptance among all stakeholders. Previous experiences indicate that co-management has the best potential to work on a local scale. Freshwater systems and coastal regions seem to be areas where opportunities for success are the best. A contributing cause could be that we generally have a better knowledge about the biology of freshwater fish as compared to marine species, which makes it easier for scientists to give clear recommendations and get support for their ideas among other stakeholders. Multi-national fisheries on marine species on international waters most likely are to politically contaminated for co-management. Politicians from different countries negotiate during international meetings and stakeholders from the different countries will not have direct influence on the decision-making process. Under these conditions, co-management is unlikely to work.

English

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