Cultural Industries in Russia

Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture

image of Cultural Industries in Russia

This study provides a state of the art analysis of the cultural and creative industries in Russia. It includes relevant statistics, the concepts of creative industries and the legislation in the field of cultural and creative industry in Russia, such as the law on culture and the federal program on culture. The study looks at the basic laws and practices of public organizations such as the changes of cultural institutions towards business orientation, and vice versa the opportunities for creative industry enterprises to take advantage of public funding. In this perspective, the divisions between governmental, non-governmental and commercial organizations as well as the new law on small and medium sized enterprises are presented. Some basic points of cultural networks and practices dating from the Soviet times are introduced in order to understand the possibilities to build creative clusters and creative enterprises in Russia. In addition, the study describes the volumes of some sectors, as audiovisual and film industry, traditional culture, games industry and cultural tourism.




The topic of this study is the state of the art of the cultural or creative industries in Russia1, particularly in Northwest Russia. However, it is difficult to generalize the state of the creative economy in Russia because of the relative novelty of the field of creative industries in Russia. Like the United Nations' report on creative economies states, the economies in transition have particular economic and cultural circumstances. These countries share the common problem of how to deal with cultural assets that were formerly state owned and that are now in the domain of the private sector. Like many other countries in transition, Russia has not yet wholly understood the economic aspects of creativity and the way it contributes to entrepreneurship, fosters innovation, enhances productivity and promotes economic growth. However, Russia could have great potential in the creative industries because the word "creativity" is associated with originality, imagination, inspiration, ingenuity and inventiveness, which all suits very well into Russian cultural tradition.


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