Cultural Industries in Russia

Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture

image of Cultural Industries in Russia

This study provides a state of the art analysis of the cultural and creative industries in Russia. It includes relevant statistics, the concepts of creative industries and the legislation in the field of cultural and creative industry in Russia, such as the law on culture and the federal program on culture. The study looks at the basic laws and practices of public organizations such as the changes of cultural institutions towards business orientation, and vice versa the opportunities for creative industry enterprises to take advantage of public funding. In this perspective, the divisions between governmental, non-governmental and commercial organizations as well as the new law on small and medium sized enterprises are presented. Some basic points of cultural networks and practices dating from the Soviet times are introduced in order to understand the possibilities to build creative clusters and creative enterprises in Russia. In addition, the study describes the volumes of some sectors, as audiovisual and film industry, traditional culture, games industry and cultural tourism.



Future and potential of the creative industry in Russia

The UNCTAD Creative Economy report 2008 states that over the period 2000-2005, international trade in creative goods and services experienced an annual growth rate of 8.7% and the future growth of that sector is expected. Nowadays, in the most advanced countries, the creative industries are emerging as a strategic choice for reinvigorating economic growth, employment and social cohesion. Also some developing countries, mainly in Asia, have started benefiting from the dynamism of the global creative economy and are enhancing their creative industries. China, which is eading this process, became the world's leading producer and exporter of value-added creative products in 2005. However, the large majority of the developing countries are not yet able to harness their capacities for development gains because of the combination of domestic policy weaknesses and global systemic biases.


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