Cultural Industries in Russia

Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture

image of Cultural Industries in Russia

This study provides a state of the art analysis of the cultural and creative industries in Russia. It includes relevant statistics, the concepts of creative industries and the legislation in the field of cultural and creative industry in Russia, such as the law on culture and the federal program on culture. The study looks at the basic laws and practices of public organizations such as the changes of cultural institutions towards business orientation, and vice versa the opportunities for creative industry enterprises to take advantage of public funding. In this perspective, the divisions between governmental, non-governmental and commercial organizations as well as the new law on small and medium sized enterprises are presented. Some basic points of cultural networks and practices dating from the Soviet times are introduced in order to understand the possibilities to build creative clusters and creative enterprises in Russia. In addition, the study describes the volumes of some sectors, as audiovisual and film industry, traditional culture, games industry and cultural tourism.



Distinctions between governmental, non-governmental and commercial organizations in Russian cultural industries

Russia has been characterized by protective attitudes towards cultural policy and heritage in the 21st century. The nation-building and identity formation have affected the domestic as well as the foreign policy. Russia has wanted to restore its status as great power (deržava) in world politics. The cultural policy has been part of this policy and lacked of clear strategic visions. After the year 1994, the state budget expenditure on culture fell significantly. (This will be discussed more in detail in Chapter 5.) At the same time with cutting the public money some institutional changes went through. The cultural organizations started to be characterized as governmental, non-governmental and commercial organizations.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error