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The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006–2009

image of The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006–2009

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments with the main focus on changes during the years 2006 - 2009. Part II gives a brief overview of mixes of policy instruments (also other than economic instruments) and presents two case studies. There are generally few changes in the use of economic instruments since 2006, except for the introduction of the emissions trading system, EU ETS, and changes in vehicle registration tax systems to become more based on specific fuel use or CO2 emissions. In general, the tax systems could be made more effective and efficient by treating different sectors and fuels more equally.

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Iceland

Since the early 1990s, the Ministry for the Environment of Iceland has extended the scope of its rsponsibilities, among which are now: pollution prevention and control, nature protection, physical planning and meteorology. Environmental legislation and land-related legislation has been substantially enhanced, largely as a result of Iceland's participation in the European Economic Area (EEA), also providing a framework for managing land resources and the central highlands. The National Environmental Strategy, "Towards Sustainable Development" was published in 1993, followed by the National Sustainable Development Action Plan in 1997. Economic instruments have been introduced e.g. in fisheries and in hazardous waste management.

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