1887

The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

Vol. I

image of The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

“...Taking the structure and functioning of the Arctic regional economies and the degree of economic dependence as a point of departure, these region’s self-reliance and comparative socio-economic performance is analyzed. The fundamental problem is still the dependency Arctic regions have on their mother economies in the south” “...the impact from climate changes and the global economy strongly influence the self-sufficiency constraints and potentials of the Arctic societies. Traditional approaches to economic valuation may not be sufficient to capture these relationships. Neo-classical economics and the trade off model look upon nature as a good commensurable with all other goods, and henceforward there is a substitution possibility. The rational self-interest and ‘homo economicus’ is however, not the same as responsible self-interest included in ecological economics. This suggests broader approaches to environmental uncertainties, which take into account ethical values and conflicts of interest”. Contributors: Hans Aage, Iulie Aslaksen, Andrée Caron, Gérard Duhaime, Solveig Glomsröd, Jón Haukur Ingimundarson, Ivar Jonsson, Jack Kruse, Joan Nymand Larsen, Svein Mathiesen, Anna Ingeborg Myhr, Birger Poppel, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Erik Reinert, Hugo Reinert, Chris Southcott, Gorm Winther, Lyudmila Zalkind.

English

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The social economy and economic development in the Canadian North: Constraints and opportunities

Few societies have undergone economic transformations with the rapidity that communities in Canada’s north have over the past 100 years. These communities have moved from an economy based almost entirely on subsistence hunting and fishing, to an economy dominated by the industrial exploitation of natural resources, to an uncertain future in a world increasingly dominated by a knowledge-based post-industrial culture. These changes have introduced a great deal of stress accompanied by social and economic problems. Recent trends have increased the likelihood of social challenges but some have also offered promise for these communities to become increasingly involved in finding solutions to these challenges. Political trends have shown an increase in self-government and the potential for political empowerment. Unfortunately, the movement towards economic empowerment in these communities has been less evident. The dominance of a dependent economy controlled by large resource corporations is likely to continue into the future as diamond mining and oil and gas development increase in their importance.

English

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