The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

Vol. I

image of The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

“...Taking the structure and functioning of the Arctic regional economies and the degree of economic dependence as a point of departure, these region’s self-reliance and comparative socio-economic performance is analyzed. The fundamental problem is still the dependency Arctic regions have on their mother economies in the south” “...the impact from climate changes and the global economy strongly influence the self-sufficiency constraints and potentials of the Arctic societies. Traditional approaches to economic valuation may not be sufficient to capture these relationships. Neo-classical economics and the trade off model look upon nature as a good commensurable with all other goods, and henceforward there is a substitution possibility. The rational self-interest and ‘homo economicus’ is however, not the same as responsible self-interest included in ecological economics. This suggests broader approaches to environmental uncertainties, which take into account ethical values and conflicts of interest”. Contributors: Hans Aage, Iulie Aslaksen, Andrée Caron, Gérard Duhaime, Solveig Glomsröd, Jón Haukur Ingimundarson, Ivar Jonsson, Jack Kruse, Joan Nymand Larsen, Svein Mathiesen, Anna Ingeborg Myhr, Birger Poppel, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Erik Reinert, Hugo Reinert, Chris Southcott, Gorm Winther, Lyudmila Zalkind.



Climate change and economic system impacts on self-sufficiency constraints and potentials – Perspectives from ecological economics

Arctic nature and societies are strongly impacted by climate change as well as global economic development. The impacts of Climate change are expected to change Arctic nature and livelihood far beyond what is observed now. The Arctic economy has considerable wealth in natural resources, from petroleum and minerals to fish and forests. Arctic nature provides resources for the world market and subsistence livelihoods for indigenous and local people. Hunting, fishing, herding and gathering still have large importance for providing food as well as maintaining social relations and cultural values. Research initiatives of Arctic Council, the Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR 2004) and the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA 2005), have given important knowledge about Arctic societies and how they are impacted by climate change. The intertwined nature of the subsistence and market economies is characteristic for the Arctic societies, as described in the report from the ECONOR project (Glomsrød and Aslaksen (eds.) 2006). Climate change impacts and other environmental problems can dramatically affect the conditions for subsistence activities and the well-being of the indigenous and local people. Knowledge about these changes is crucial for identifying conditions for economic, environmental and cultural sustainability and self-sufficiency in the Arctic, within the framework of the global economy.


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