1887

The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

Vol. I

image of The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development

“...Taking the structure and functioning of the Arctic regional economies and the degree of economic dependence as a point of departure, these region’s self-reliance and comparative socio-economic performance is analyzed. The fundamental problem is still the dependency Arctic regions have on their mother economies in the south” “...the impact from climate changes and the global economy strongly influence the self-sufficiency constraints and potentials of the Arctic societies. Traditional approaches to economic valuation may not be sufficient to capture these relationships. Neo-classical economics and the trade off model look upon nature as a good commensurable with all other goods, and henceforward there is a substitution possibility. The rational self-interest and ‘homo economicus’ is however, not the same as responsible self-interest included in ecological economics. This suggests broader approaches to environmental uncertainties, which take into account ethical values and conflicts of interest”. Contributors: Hans Aage, Iulie Aslaksen, Andrée Caron, Gérard Duhaime, Solveig Glomsröd, Jón Haukur Ingimundarson, Ivar Jonsson, Jack Kruse, Joan Nymand Larsen, Svein Mathiesen, Anna Ingeborg Myhr, Birger Poppel, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Erik Reinert, Hugo Reinert, Chris Southcott, Gorm Winther, Lyudmila Zalkind.

English

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Analyzing Arctic Social Realities – ArcticStat

Up until recently, it was hard to make interregional or international comparisons concerning Arctic regions in the domain of social realities. When data existed, they were scattered, not always available, and their internal and external validity was not always explicitly proven. The standardization and computerization of data produced by national agencies have helped improve this situation. In response to the growing and specific requests from government organizations, in particular those of the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, a certain standardization of concepts and methods has gradually taken place, extending first to domains such as demography and the System of National Accounts. Moreover, the agencies have published methodological notes specifying the conceptual and methodological characteristics of their own production. Still today, the American and Canadians systems of national accounts exhibit differences, just as do the European systems. Work seeking to increase this standardization, under the additional impetus of continental unification in America and in Europe, is continuing and is giving rise to new classifications, for example.

English

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