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Polar Law and Resources

image of Polar Law and Resources

Current Polar law developments indicate that both the Arctic and the Antarctica will continue to be the focus of growing scientific, international, political, media and public discourse for the foreseeable future. The regulation of resources and associated issues form one of the key areas of Polar law and will thus continue to constitute the crux of legal, geopolitical, socio-economic, and environmental developments. An overview of Polar law questions and topical developments was provided in the pioneering 2010 Polar Law Textbook and in the 2013 Polar Law Textbook II both of which covered a number of topics relevant to the Polar resources debate. Building on this work, this new volume focuses on topical issues of law and resource development in the Polar Regions and covers topics of current and emergent resource-related issues mainly from a legal and political perspective.

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Sámi Rights to Natural Resources and Lands in Norway

The Sámi People have their homelands in the northern and middle parts of Norway, Finland Sweden and the Kola Peninsula in the Russian Federation. Although the recognition of Sámi as Indigenous people varies in the four countries, the Sámi are an Indigenous people to those areas, according to Article 1(1) of the widely accepted definition in the International Labour Organization Convention no. 169 Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (ILO-169). The definition of who is Sámi is not uniquely determined, although all three Nordic countries have acts with specific conditions for voting in the Sámi parliamentary elections. Only in Finland has the question of who is Sámi created disputes and litigation (Aikio and Åhren, 2014).

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