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Polar Law and Resources

image of Polar Law and Resources

Current Polar law developments indicate that both the Arctic and the Antarctica will continue to be the focus of growing scientific, international, political, media and public discourse for the foreseeable future. The regulation of resources and associated issues form one of the key areas of Polar law and will thus continue to constitute the crux of legal, geopolitical, socio-economic, and environmental developments. An overview of Polar law questions and topical developments was provided in the pioneering 2010 Polar Law Textbook and in the 2013 Polar Law Textbook II both of which covered a number of topics relevant to the Polar resources debate. Building on this work, this new volume focuses on topical issues of law and resource development in the Polar Regions and covers topics of current and emergent resource-related issues mainly from a legal and political perspective.

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An Economic, Environmental, and Energy Security Framework for Small Entities in the Arctic: Challenges for Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland

The Arctic political system includes some of the world’s most populous states (namely the USA and Russian Federation), but also some of Europe’s smallest ones – Iceland has barely 320,000 inhabitants. The crucial North Atlantic gateway into the polar seas also includes two nonsovereign but autonomous entities, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, with just 58,000 and 49,000 people respectively. Both of these have a considerable degree of self-government, and a constitutional option of asking for full independence from Denmark at some future time: so even if they are not strictly small “states” at present, they can be considered as small nations facing at least some of the same policy challenges small states do. Further, by the normal standards of “small state” studies, all five of the Nordic states would be considered small because they all have populations of less than 10 million. (This is a simple way to define “small” states, but experts sometimes also use more complicated definitions, including the question whether a particular nation “feels” small and “acts” small).

English

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