What drives Environmental Innovations in the Nordic Pulp and Paper Industry?

Green Markets and Cleaner Technologies (GMCT)

image of What drives Environmental Innovations in the Nordic Pulp and Paper Industry?

Policy initiatives have highlighted the importance of environmental innovations as a solution to environmental problems, and looked into ways to promote them. Based on empirical cases in the Nordic pulp and paper industry, this report explores environmentally sounder technological innovations and their relation to societal and economic drivers. The cases studied include the use of production by-products for energy, new products in the core business areas and new product value chains. The report shows that public policy has directly influenced environmental innovation in the P&P industry through providing public R&D support, funding development projects and encouraging cooperation. It has also facilitated the crucial stage of demonstration by creating or enforcing markets for environmental innovations. The success of policy-created markets in supporting innovation is, however, crucially dependent on other market changes that push the development towards improved environmental performance. Environmental policies alone are seldom sufficient drivers for innovations.



Innovation dynamics and environmental innovation

The innovation system surrounding the innovation activities of the Nordic pulp and paper industry is based on both the national innovation systems of the Nordic countries and the sectoral innovation system related to the industrial sector. Table 2.1. depicts relevant actors that form the innovation system of this sector. The national-level actors are generalized based on the operating conditions of the Finnish and Swedish pulp and paper sectors, and slight differences between the countries are likely. Public or other non-profit actors mainly form the national innovation system, whereas the other actors are, rather, related to sector-specific innovation systems that consist of both national and international-level actors. The distribution and existence of public and private actors is sector-specific as, for example, the role of education and research carried out in universities varies for innovation in different business sectors.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error