The use of emissions trading in relation to other means of reducing emissions

A Nordic comparative study

image of The use of emissions trading in relation to other means of reducing emissions

For quite a long time the Nordic countries have had explicitly formulated climate change strategies and have used various measures intended to curb emissions. Since 1 January 2005 an emissions trading scheme is in operation within the European Union, after several years of preparation. When setting climate policies the Nordic countries must take this new instrument in to account, and try and find the right balance between emissions trading and other means of reducing emissions. This study analyzes how the Nordic countries have dealt with or plan to deal with the conditions of the EU emissions trading system and the relation to other measures to curb emissions.



Effects from ETS and other instruments – quantitative studies

In all Nordic countries beside Iceland, some quantitative assessments have been made of the effects from the introduction of emissions trading for greenhouse gases. Several of these studies have been carried out directly in connection with governmental investigations. Although numerous aspects of the use of emissions trading and other instruments could be analysed, two aspects seems to have been of specific interest for Nordic policymakers: The effect on energy intensive industry competing on the international market and the overall effect on the economy from the use of emissions trading. Other issues such as distributive concerns have received less attention.


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