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The Role of Forests in Climate Change: Nordic Experience

The objective of this project is to discuss the role of forests in Nordic countries in climate change mitigation and discuss the possible roles of forests as a part of a cost-effective climate policy.

image of The Role of Forests in Climate Change: Nordic Experience

The objective of this project is to discuss the role of forests in Nordic countries in climate change mitigation and discuss the possible roles of forests as a part of a cost-effective climate policy. The report aims to provide a comprehensive and easily digestible way to better understand the issue. The report includes a discussion on the role of forests for enhancing carbon stocks and carbon sinks in the Nordic countries. The extent of above- and below-ground biomass and their role as forests carbon sinks in Nordic forests is analysed. The use of wood in products, buildings and as bioenergy is examined. Finally the report presents emissions trading schemes from around the globe that allow offsets and credits from forest projects on them and provides an analysis on the feasibility of such a scheme for the Nordic region. The report has been commissioned by the Working Group on Environment and Economics under the Nordic Council of Ministers. The study was carried out by Indufor.

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Use of wood biomass as a tool to mitigate climate change

Wood is one of the essential primary materials for construction, furnishing, printing, packaging, as well as energy production. In terms of environmental impacts it is often considered as more environmentally friendly as most of the competing materials, especially when accounting for the whole product lifecycle. However, it is important to acknowledge that the validity of such statement depends largely on the assumption that the wood raw material procurement is based on sustainable practices. This chapter discusses the argumentation behind the goal of using forest products as a tool in climate change mitigation.

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