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The Role of Forests in Climate Change: Nordic Experience

The objective of this project is to discuss the role of forests in Nordic countries in climate change mitigation and discuss the possible roles of forests as a part of a cost-effective climate policy.

image of The Role of Forests in Climate Change: Nordic Experience

The objective of this project is to discuss the role of forests in Nordic countries in climate change mitigation and discuss the possible roles of forests as a part of a cost-effective climate policy. The report aims to provide a comprehensive and easily digestible way to better understand the issue. The report includes a discussion on the role of forests for enhancing carbon stocks and carbon sinks in the Nordic countries. The extent of above- and below-ground biomass and their role as forests carbon sinks in Nordic forests is analysed. The use of wood in products, buildings and as bioenergy is examined. Finally the report presents emissions trading schemes from around the globe that allow offsets and credits from forest projects on them and provides an analysis on the feasibility of such a scheme for the Nordic region. The report has been commissioned by the Working Group on Environment and Economics under the Nordic Council of Ministers. The study was carried out by Indufor.

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Preface

Forests play an important role in the global carbon cycles and climate change mitigation. They absorb atmospheric carbon through photosynthesis and sequester it in biomass and thus create a natural storage of carbon. Forests are also an important source of biomass which is regarded as an important possibility to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Land-use, land-use change and Forestry (LULUCF) has gained an increasing role on the agenda of the international climate change negotiations.

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