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The Nordic Aichi restoration project

How can the Nordic countries implement the CBD-target on restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems within 2020?

image of The Nordic Aichi restoration project

The Convention of Biological Diversity commits the parties to halt the loss of biodiversity within 2020. For accomplishing this task, the Aichi targets have been established. Aichi target 15 aims at restoring 15% of damaged ecosystems by 2020. The Nordic countries are parties to CBD, and committed to the Aichi targets. This project will establish a basis that may be used by the management and political authorities in the Nordic countries for achieving Aichi target 15 on restoration of degraded ecosystems. The report explores the possibilities, limitations and challenges on how ecological restoration can contribute to the Aichi target, based on available knowledge and existing statistics on degraded land and restoration experiences in the Nordic countries and Estonia. This is intended as a contribution for future work at the national level and in local communities.

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Restoration for the reduction of degraded land

Ecological restoration puts focus on repairing disturbed and degraded natural areas, species or ecosystems, and is defined by the Society for Ecological Restoration International (SER) as “the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed”, relating the recovery to health, integrity and sustainability of ecosystems (SER 2004). This relates to the SER definition of degraded land (see chapter 4.1). Ecological theory and concepts are an important basis for restoration ecology (Palmer et al. 2004, Young et al. 2005), including biology, hydrology, soil sciences, landscape ecology. There is however, also a growing understanding that socioeconomic frameworks are needed for restoration projects to support the needs and acceptance in the society (SER 2004, Clewell & Aronson 2013, Baker & Eckerberg 2013). Lately there has also been an increased focus on restoration as a tool to recover goods and services provided by ecosystems (Clewell & Aronson 2013).

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