1887

The last large intact forests in Northwest Russia

Protection and sustainable use

image of The last large intact forests in Northwest Russia

The forests of Fennoscandia have been in human use for many purposes for centuries, and through the last decades industrialized and cultivated in a manner that can change their ecological function with respect to biodiversity at species and ecosystem levels. In Northwest Russia we can still find large, indigenous forests where human impact is low. They represent the last intact western taiga ecosystems of high value for biodiversity preservation in Russia and Fennoscandia as reservoirs and source habitats for future dispersal of taiga species. The Conference and Workshop in Steinkjer 2007 focused on these matters, but also the ecological importance of these forests for rural culture, socio-economic importance, industrial values and how protection and sustainable societies could go hand in hand. Many of the presentations given at the conference and workshop are here presented together with the Summary and Closing Statement worked out at the end of the sessions. The presentations cover many aspects from ecology, history and culture, conservation and management strategies, inventory tools for defining habitats of specific value to biodiversity, as well as implementation of environmental issues into the forestry laws and certification and educational tools for developing sustainable societies in a broad scale.

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The implementation of Sustainable Forestry and Biodiversity Care

The OAO "Ust-Pokshengsky LPH" is a large, specialized forest harvesting company. The company is engaged in the following kinds of activities: Wood harvesting, transporting and shipment. The general area of forest site rented for logging in the territory of Karpogorsky Forest Management Unit makes 458,185 ha with an annual harvested volume of 363,600 m3 per year, which is in accordance with the allowable cutting volume. In 2004, the joint-stock company "Ust-Pokshengsky LPH" was assigned the certificate that its methods of forest management corresponded to the criteria of Forest Trustee Advice. It means, that the activity of the enterprise corresponded to the legislation, the rights of the workers and local population, and that the forest resources are rationally used and the forests of high nature protection importance are saved. The especially protected territories and zones of untouched forests in The UPLHPs rented area makes 29% of the total forest area of rent. The necessity for certification is called for and demanded out of social, economic and ecological reasons. The presence of the Certificate creates the possibility to export our forest products on the ecologically sensitive markets in Europe. It in turn guarantees for the staff and local community

English

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