Social Indicators in the Forest Sector in Northern Europe

A Review focusing on Nature-based Recreation and Tourism

image of Social Indicators in the Forest Sector in Northern Europe

Forest related social values such as recreation values are growing in importance in North European countries. Our urbanized societies need social services from forests and other nature areas. One of the key ecosystem services is the recreation environment provided by forests. Possibilities to enhance commercial recreational use of forests has been recognized, particularly among private forest owners, who have new opportunities for new types of forest-related entrepreneurship. This report provides a review of social indicators in forestry, particularly concerning nature-based recreation and tourism in North European countries. The common interest among scientists and other experts was to discuss how to develop social indicators and to monitor changes to social benefits in forestry and forest use. In all countries, there is a challenge to develop monitoring systems to produce inventory data for statistics that are required in a way that provid es comparable social indicators. It is timely to enhance standardization and harmonization of social indicators for monitoring and management of sustainable forestry and forest use, and for sustainable nature-based recreation and tourism.



Overview of nature-based recreation policies and indicators in North European countries

The aim of this report is to offer relevant information for further development of social indicators of forestry (with particular focus on naturebased recreation and tourism) and their monitoring in a North European context. The descriptions of status of indicators and monitoring in specific countries are compiled in Appendix 1 in this report, while this chapter provides a summary of those reports.


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