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Restoration priorities and strategies

Restoration to protect biodiversity and enhance green infrastructure: Nordic examples of priorities and needs for strategic solutions

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Restoration is a tool to achieve several of the strategic targets of The Convention on Biological Diversity from 2010. Currently, there is no standard for how to set priorities for restoration. The aim of this project was to exchange knowledge between the Nordic countries and Estonia regarding experiences of restoration and priority setting with a landscape perspective. Using case examples, the project explores and discusses approaches for setting priorities, and suggests possible ways of improved approaches for prioritization. This includes how to improve Green Infrastructure and measures for protection of species and habitats in fragmented landscapes. The case examples use different approaches, and provide ideas, reflections and take-home messages to enhance future prioritization. This report show that there is a need for greater emphasis on the prioritization aspects of restoration.

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Preface

Major parts of the Nordic landscapes are heavily negatively influenced by human activities due to forestry, agriculture, long-term overgrazing, infrastructure development, and invasive species. Changes in natural and traditional disturbance regimes have also caused severe problems. Abandonment of traditional management of semi-natural grasslands has led to massive losses of species and habitats over the last century. The lack of natural forest fires has reduced biodiversity in the taiga, and the heavily changed hydrology of rivers and wetlands (including mires) has led to substantial losses of wetland and freshwater biodiversity. The pressures on biodiversity are increasing, and the situation is dramatic for habitats and species in some areas. This calls for an expanded view of nature conservation, and in this context, ecological restoration of species, habitats, and landscapes is an important supplement to traditional protection. The restoration of degraded environments will be essential in changing the negative trends for species and habitat types, as pointed out in international policies and national priorities.

English

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