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ReNo

Restoration of damaged ecosystems in the Nordic countries

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The ReNo network has consolidated knowledge on ecological restoration work in the Nordic region and facilitated exchange of this knowledge within and between the Nordic countries. Scientific papers, reports on the status of restoration, guidebooks on restoration, and analyses of ecological restoration in the area have been published as a result of the network. Ecosystem degradation is a problem in all the Nordic countries, but varies in nature, severity and scale between the countries. In order to counteract present and past ecological degradation, all the Nordic countries emphasise ecological restoration, but to various degrees. Ecological restoration has the potential to make a critical contribution for the benefit of the global environment and human living conditions. The ReNo network recommends that this important activity should be prioritized in Nordic environmental policy.

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Best practice guidance

Hilderbrand et al. (2005) warned of an overly simplified view of restoration which does not recognize and accept the complexity of natural systems and restoration processes. Ecological restoration has been claimed to be flawed by such simplifications (Zedler & Callaway 1999, Hilderbrand et al. 2005). More elaborate planning, implementation and follow-up work is needed for restoration projects to accommodate this natural complexity and the interweaving of the multiple factors involved. Furthermore, ecological restoration interventions should be supported with active communication and outreach programmes (Clewell & Aronson 2007, Hesselink et al. 2007) focused on the initial causes and pressures leading to the degradation, the effects of degradation, and the benefits of restoration (Nellemann & Corcoran, 2010). This approach should target local communities and stakeholders, visitors and employees (Nationalparkverwaltung Bayerischer Wald 2010) and involve developing strategies for appropriate stakeholder engagement (Hesselink et al. 2007).

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