PVC Waste Treatment in the Nordic Countries

image of PVC Waste Treatment in the Nordic Countries

The aim of the project was to map PVC waste streams in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland. The available estimates are made occasionally, mostly within the frames of different projects and are not based on any formalized official reporting system or other rigorous accounting scheme. Overall, a large part of PVC waste ends up in mixed waste fractions and is eventually treated in waste-to-energy plants. Landfilling of PVC waste is banned in two countries, but some exceptions exist. Norway is the only country that treats some PVC waste as hazardous waste. The current waste treatment situation in the four Nordic countries is driven by several factors, such as diverse origins of PVC products, some specifics of the Nordic market, rather low focus on PVC waste in policy strategies or plans, technical issues regarding incineration of PVC waste, and the lack of domestic recycling.



Introduction and background

Modern society is probably impossible to imagine without plastics. For the past 60–80 years the use of plastics has been growing exponentially. Plastics substituted many traditional materials and enabled new products with better properties and superior performance characteristics. At the same time society is becoming increasingly concerned with the environmental impacts associated with the production, use and disposal of plastics. Closing material loops through different reuse and recycling approaches could address some of the problems.


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