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PVC Waste Treatment in the Nordic Countries

image of PVC Waste Treatment in the Nordic Countries

The aim of the project was to map PVC waste streams in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland. The available estimates are made occasionally, mostly within the frames of different projects and are not based on any formalized official reporting system or other rigorous accounting scheme. Overall, a large part of PVC waste ends up in mixed waste fractions and is eventually treated in waste-to-energy plants. Landfilling of PVC waste is banned in two countries, but some exceptions exist. Norway is the only country that treats some PVC waste as hazardous waste. The current waste treatment situation in the four Nordic countries is driven by several factors, such as diverse origins of PVC products, some specifics of the Nordic market, rather low focus on PVC waste in policy strategies or plans, technical issues regarding incineration of PVC waste, and the lack of domestic recycling.

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PVC waste in Denmark

The responsibility for waste management in Denmark is shared between The Danish Energy Agency (Energistyrelsen) and The Danish EPA (Miljøstyrelsen). The Danish Energy Agency is responsible for the structural and economic framework of the waste management area, and also for rules about which parts of collection and treatment of waste that should be under municipal responsibility and how the waste management is financed. The Danish Energy Agency is also responsible for administrating rules about the energy sector including waste-to-energy. The Danish EPA has responsibility for a number of areas within waste management, for example classification of waste, rules about producer responsibility, prevention, import and export of waste, as well as the national waste data system.

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