Product policies on the environmental performance of washing machines

Investigating the synergies and coherence between policy instruments

image of Product policies on the environmental performance of washing machines

This report constitutes part of the larger project Eco-design and Future Product Policy – Further research on Energyrelated Products. The objective was to investigate how nine policy instruments affect the development and environmental performance of household washing machines. The following policy instruments are investigated: 1. The Eco-design Directive2. The EU energy label Directive3. The WEEE Directive4. The RoHS Directive5. The REACH Regulation6. The EU Ecolabel Regulation7. The Nordic Swan8. Green Public Procurements (GPP)9. Voluntary Environmental Agreements (VA)




Through a case study of household washing machines on the Danish market in 2011, it is investigated how nine European and Nordic policy instruments interact to reduce the environmental impact from household washing machines and moreover how they encourage ecoinnovation in industry. The objective of the study is to investigate how the synergies and coherence between the instruments can be improved in order to minimize the environmental impacts from all life cycle stages of household washing machines and to drive eco-innovation. The initial choice of using household washing machines as the case study was based on the deviations found between the requirement in the Ecolabels and the Ecodesign Directive. However, this report represents a single case study and does not attemp to generalize on the function of other products than household washing machines.


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