Product policies on the environmental performance of washing machines

Investigating the synergies and coherence between policy instruments

image of Product policies on the environmental performance of washing machines

This report constitutes part of the larger project Eco-design and Future Product Policy – Further research on Energyrelated Products. The objective was to investigate how nine policy instruments affect the development and environmental performance of household washing machines. The following policy instruments are investigated: 1. The Eco-design Directive2. The EU energy label Directive3. The WEEE Directive4. The RoHS Directive5. The REACH Regulation6. The EU Ecolabel Regulation7. The Nordic Swan8. Green Public Procurements (GPP)9. Voluntary Environmental Agreements (VA)



Case study of household washing machines

This chapter presents a study of the product category household washing machines in relation to the requirements in the nine instruments: the Eco-design Directive, the EU Energy labels, the WEEE directive, the RoHS directive, REACH, the EU Ecolabel, the Nordic Swan, GPP and Voluntary Agreements. This is followed by a study of the household washing machine models available on the Danish market compared to the requirements set forward in the instruments regarding water and energy consumption. The definition of a household washing machine used in this study is:


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