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Potentials for Reducing the Health and Climate Impacts of Residential Biomass Combustion in the Nordic Countries

image of Potentials for Reducing the Health and Climate Impacts of Residential Biomass Combustion in the Nordic Countries

Residential biomass combustion is a major source of PM2.5 and SLCP (Short Lived Climate Pollutants) emissions in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. SLCPs and PM2.5 have impact on climate, environment and health. When developing strategies for reduced emissions, reliable information on current emissions and assessments for how they can be reduced is essential. This report presents recommendations for how to further improve national activity data collection procedures for less uncertain emission inventory results. It also presents scenario results with estimated technical potentials for reduced emissions of SLCPs and PM2.5 from residential biomass combustion, transformed into potential impact on health and climate effects in 2035.

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Discussion and conclusion

The scenario results presented in this work suggests that there is a realistic and technical potential to reduce the adverse health effects and, to some extent, the climate impact from future residential biomass combustion in Denmark, Finland and Sweden by reducing emissions of PM2.5 and SLCPs. The amount of wood combusted in residential biomass equipment, the level of penetration of modern technology and the user behaviour in managing the combustion process all have a significant impact on the emission levels in the three Nordic countries.

English

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