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Potentials for Reducing the Health and Climate Impacts of Residential Biomass Combustion in the Nordic Countries

image of Potentials for Reducing the Health and Climate Impacts of Residential Biomass Combustion in the Nordic Countries

Residential biomass combustion is a major source of PM2.5 and SLCP (Short Lived Climate Pollutants) emissions in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. SLCPs and PM2.5 have impact on climate, environment and health. When developing strategies for reduced emissions, reliable information on current emissions and assessments for how they can be reduced is essential. This report presents recommendations for how to further improve national activity data collection procedures for less uncertain emission inventory results. It also presents scenario results with estimated technical potentials for reduced emissions of SLCPs and PM2.5 from residential biomass combustion, transformed into potential impact on health and climate effects in 2035.

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Health and climate impacts

For health impacts from reduced emissions of PM2.5 the total numbers are of less relevance since the total numbers are based on many scenario assumptions left outside the focus of this project (for example future PM2.5 emissions originating from other countries). If focusing only on the difference between our scenarios we can see that poor behaviour during combustion (difference between SC3 and SC2) would risk increasing Northern European health impacts (Table 14).

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