Policy Brief: Nordic Ecosystem Services

Examples, Applications and Knowledge Gaps

image of Policy Brief: Nordic Ecosystem Services

Nature provides us with a multitude of goods like food and fiber, drinking water, protection against floods and storms, carbon storage and recreational services like swimming and bird watching. Our welfare and well-being depend on these goods and services – often called ecosystem services, defined as “the benefit people directly and indirectly obtain from nature”. We often distinguish between four categories of ecosystem services; supporting, provisioning, regulating and cultural ecosystem services. This report aims to sum up and show some examples of the results of the ecosystem services projects carried out for NCM. It illustrates which ecosystem services we receive from Nordic nature and the importance of these. It also shows examples of how the ecosystem services approach has been and can be used in management of nature in the Nordic countries, and to point out some knowledge gaps.



Ecosystems and ecosystem services in NCM reports

In our assessment of the TemaNord reports on ecosystem services, the first categorization we make is one of the different types of ecosystems and ecosystem services that are included in the reports. We have classified the reports into covering marine, freshwater, peatland and forest ecosystems, landscapes and “all ecosystems”. However, some reports do not fall into these categories, and are categorised as “methodological studies”.


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