Pharmaceuticals in Northern Environments; What, Where and How Much?

image of Pharmaceuticals in Northern Environments; What, Where and How Much?

The present study has investigated and collected sales statistics of pharmaceuticals in Sweden, Norway and Iceland. A literature review of waste water treatment plants (WWTP) and the efficiency of different WWTP techniques was conducted and combined with a literature review of metabolization of pharmaceuticals in humans. These data have been linked and used for calculations of the amount of pharmaceuticals and their metabolites that actually reaches the aquatic recipient. A future recommendation is to include metabolites of pharmaceuticals in environmental impact studies to be able to assess and account for the chemicals that actually pass through a WWTP to the aquatic environment. No large differences regarding pharmaceuticals used were observed, and many were common in both Sweden, Iceland and Norway.




Denne studien har samlet og undersøkt salgsstatistikk for legemidler i Sverige, Norge og Island. Litteraturundersøkelser av effektiviteten ved forskjellige typer renseverk og metabolisering av legemidler i mennesker er utført og kombinert for å kunne estimere hvor mye legemidler og metabolitter som går ut årlig fra renseverk i Norden og inn i det akvatiske miljøet.

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