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Perspectives for sustainable development of Nordic aquaculture

The Paban-Report

image of Perspectives for sustainable development of Nordic aquaculture

Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing productions and the value of aquaculture is now about to pass the value of capture fisheries. Among the Nordic countries, Norway in particular has been able to create a large aquaculture industry with high growth rates over a number of years. The other Nordic countries have only had limited growth, but have a high unutilised potential. There is a need to identify opportunities and limitations for increased growth with due care for sustainability and environment. This report identifies seven focus areas with special potential for creation of a sustainable, competitive Nordic aquaculture sector. These areas are new feeds, better use and reuse of nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon), value adding of by-products, technological and regional development, domestication of new species and reduction of energy consumption. The aquaculture sector with its strengths and weaknesses is described for each of the Nordic countries. The report is compiled on basis of contributions from a Nordic group of experts. It was presented at a seminar on Green Growth at the annual meeting of the Nordic Ministers of Fisheries in Trondheim, July 2012.

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Preface

While the responsibility fisheries and aquaculture rests within the Nordic Council with a dedicated working group (EK-Fisk) under the Ministerial Council for Fisheries, Agriculture, Forestry and Nutrition (FJLS), this working group also strives to extend its cooperation to other working groups under the umbrella of Nordic Council of Ministers. One of these groups is the Working Group on Sustainable Development (The BU-group). This group decided in 2011 to focus attention on sustainable development at sea – and more specifically on aquaculture. The practical implication of this decision was that a large share of the BU 2012 budget was set aside for assisting the Fisheries cooperation to prepare a working document with a sustainability perspective, which could fit into a Nordic discussion on how to develop the aquaculture sector. This support from the NCM Group on Sustainable Development is highly appreciated.

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