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Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

Emission Inventories and Integrated Assessment Modelling of Black Carbon and PM2.5

image of Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

The overall goal of the project is to stimulate decision-makers in Belarus to prioritize abatement measures aimed at black carbon in their efforts to reduce emissions of PM2.5, as encouraged in the Gothenburg protocol under the UNECE CLRTAP. To reach this purpose and in order to build up scientific basis necessary for further policy development, a comprehensive analysis of PM2.5 and BC emissions, emission reduction potentials and cost-effective abatement measures in Belarus has been conducted. The report presents two main parts of the conducted analysis: a part focused on the emission inventories, and a part summarizing the results of the integrated assessment modelling. The main focus is on analysis for Belarus; however, a range of modelling results have been obtained for the three participating Nordic countries — Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

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PM2.5 and BC emission inventories and projections in Belarus

Chapter 2 discusses methods, principles and main results of the first black carbon emission inventory in Belarus. In order to estimate black carbon emissions, the PM2.5 emission inventory has been revised and restructured to be more in line with the EMEP/EEA Guidebook (previously, emissions were estimated by using a sectoral structure as in the GAINS model — an integrated assessment model described in detail in Chapter 4 below). As a result of this revision, several new emission sources have been included, and default Tier I emission factors have been used for a majority of the emission sources. Belarusian black carbon emissions in 2014 have been calculated by applying default BC/PM2.5 ratios to PM2.5 emissions according to the revised inventory. Further potential improvements in the inventory methodology in Belarus are suggested.

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