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Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

Emission Inventories and Integrated Assessment Modelling of Black Carbon and PM2.5

image of Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

The overall goal of the project is to stimulate decision-makers in Belarus to prioritize abatement measures aimed at black carbon in their efforts to reduce emissions of PM2.5, as encouraged in the Gothenburg protocol under the UNECE CLRTAP. To reach this purpose and in order to build up scientific basis necessary for further policy development, a comprehensive analysis of PM2.5 and BC emissions, emission reduction potentials and cost-effective abatement measures in Belarus has been conducted. The report presents two main parts of the conducted analysis: a part focused on the emission inventories, and a part summarizing the results of the integrated assessment modelling. The main focus is on analysis for Belarus; however, a range of modelling results have been obtained for the three participating Nordic countries — Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

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PM2.5 and BC: Integrated assessment for Belarus

Detailed emission inventories and emission projections provide decision-makers and scientists with a reliable picture of past emission trends and the most probable future development. Most often, emission projections take into consideration only already implemented (or at least agreed) policy instruments and measures. From the policy perspective, however, this is only a starting point, a necessary basis for further analysis. To decide on cost-effective policy instruments in the future, decision-makers need to know more — how high emission reduction potentials are, what emitting sources are the most relevant for abatement measures, what measures are available, how much would they cost, and what benefits to environment and people’s health would they bring in the considered and surrounding countries. In the present study, an integrated assessment investigating all these questions has been conducted for both Belarus and the Nordic countries — the results are displayed in this Chapter.

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