Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

Emission Inventories and Integrated Assessment Modelling of Black Carbon and PM2.5

image of Particle Emissions in Belarus and in the Nordic Countries

The overall goal of the project is to stimulate decision-makers in Belarus to prioritize abatement measures aimed at black carbon in their efforts to reduce emissions of PM2.5, as encouraged in the Gothenburg protocol under the UNECE CLRTAP. To reach this purpose and in order to build up scientific basis necessary for further policy development, a comprehensive analysis of PM2.5 and BC emissions, emission reduction potentials and cost-effective abatement measures in Belarus has been conducted. The report presents two main parts of the conducted analysis: a part focused on the emission inventories, and a part summarizing the results of the integrated assessment modelling. The main focus is on analysis for Belarus; however, a range of modelling results have been obtained for the three participating Nordic countries — Denmark, Finland and Sweden.



Background and introduction

Black carbon (BC), or soot, is a component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and one of the short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) that has been paid much attention to in the last years. Black carbon is a climate pollutant absorbing solar radiation, but it also causes negative effects on people’s health. This is exacerbated by long-distance transportation of black carbon, which makes the substance a transboundary problem. The substance is included in the revised Gothenburg protocol under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (UNECE CLRTAP). As stated in the amendment to the protocol, “the Parties should, in implementing measures to achieve their national targets for particulate matter, give priority, to the extent they consider appropriate, to emission reduction measures which also significantly reduce black carbon in order to provide benefits for human health and the environment and to help mitigation of near-term climate change”. The parties are encouraged to submit black carbon emission inventories to the UNECE CLRTAP on a voluntary basis, and most of the EU countries have already done this. One of the parties to the UNECE CLRTAP actively working towards ratification of the Gothenburg protocol is Belarus. In 2011 Belarus asked to include its target emission levels in the revised Gothenburg protocol of the Convention.


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