Nudging and pro-environmental behaviour

image of Nudging and pro-environmental behaviour

This study explores how nudging instruments are used to encourage environmentally friendly behavior within energy consumption, waste management and resource efficiency. The study results provide very interesting examples of nudging resulting in reduced energy consumption in households due to providing real-time information, peer comparison and the use of green defaults, as well as increased and improved quality of waste sorting and reduction of food waste through changes in the physical environment. The study also presents the results of a field experiment examining how nudges can encourage consumers in a super market to choose to donate the deposit refunded from reverse-vending machines for beverage containers to an environment friendly cause. Overall, the findings of this study provide a strong case for using nudging instruments to promote more environmentally friendly behavior.



Review of nudging instruments

Environmental challenges are increasingly addressed politically. To implement policies, several policy instruments are used. The effectiveness of the instruments varies, and knowing how they work is of great importance in order to achieve the intended outcomes. Nudging can be regarded as a policy instrument that, when designed properly, can help ensure or improve the implementation of environmental legislation and regulations or even replace traditional environmental policies.


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