Nordic Urban Nature Recreation

How to Practically Integrate Economic Values in Decision-making

image of Nordic Urban Nature Recreation

The Nordic countries continue to experience growth of urban areas, which provides benefits like economic growth, but also imposes economic costs in terms of reduced ecosystem services. This report focuses on urban nature recreation and highlights economic methods and data that can help capture the associated nonmarket welfare benefits. The study stresses the need to collect user data to better understand visitation patterns, which can be combined with valuation methods to provide evidence of economic benefits associated with e.g., hiking, cycling, skiing, paddling and other recreation activities. Once these benefits are visible, decision-makers will have a better basis to balance economic growth with the environmental costs it imposes on urban ecosystem services.



Case studies: Urban nature recreation in nordic countries

Chapters 4 to 6 illustrate how to collect relevant data and integrate economic values and methods across three policy applications relating to urban nature recreation. This chapter introduces the case studies.


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