Nordic Urban Nature Recreation

How to Practically Integrate Economic Values in Decision-making

image of Nordic Urban Nature Recreation

The Nordic countries continue to experience growth of urban areas, which provides benefits like economic growth, but also imposes economic costs in terms of reduced ecosystem services. This report focuses on urban nature recreation and highlights economic methods and data that can help capture the associated nonmarket welfare benefits. The study stresses the need to collect user data to better understand visitation patterns, which can be combined with valuation methods to provide evidence of economic benefits associated with e.g., hiking, cycling, skiing, paddling and other recreation activities. Once these benefits are visible, decision-makers will have a better basis to balance economic growth with the environmental costs it imposes on urban ecosystem services.



Executive summary

The Nordic countries continue to experience increased migration to, and growth of, big and medium sized cities (hereafter “urban areas”), a pattern that is expected to continue: up to 90% of the population in Europe is projected to live in urban areas by the end of this century.

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