Nordic Swan Ecolabel and Product Environmental Footprint

Focus on Product Environmental Information

image of Nordic Swan Ecolabel and Product Environmental Footprint

The purpose of this report is to compare the Nordic Swan Ecolabel and the Product Environmental Footprint with a focus on environmental information. The report compares the methods used by the Nordic Swan Ecolabel and the PEF to identify the product-group-specific relevant environmental aspects. The analysis is based on the currently valid Swan Criteria and pilot phase final PEF Category Rules (PEFCRs). The report concludes that there are methodological differences in the way product comparisons are made. The report proposes recommendations for both schemes in terms of co-operation and required further work, related to the differences in methodological approaches, to avoid very different results in what will be considered as an environmentally sound product.




In 2013 the European Commission published the “Commission Recommendation, 2013/179/EU on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations”. The recommendation provides a common and consistent set of rules for using life cycle analysis in calculating environmental performance of products. Currently, the Nordic Swan Ecolabel is one well-established way of communicating environmental preferability of products to consumers in the Nordic Countries.

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