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Nordic perspectives on the Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone

image of Nordic perspectives on the Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone

The 1999 Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone, with focus on emissions of NOX, SOX, NH3, and VOC, is the latest protocol under UNECE's Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. This report offers a Nordic perspective on implementation of the protocol in terms of the measures that have been introduced in the Nordic countries, the effects of these measures as well as how the reductions agreed under the protocol may be attained.

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Summary

The 1999 Gothenburg Protocol aimed to close the gap between critical loads, as defined from a combined ecosystem and health perspective, and emissions of the four pollutants; SO2, NOX, NH3 and VOC. To contribute to reductions in critical load exceedance, Nordic countries accepted emissions ceilings for SO2 and VOC that were stricter than those of the other protocol parties, while for NOX Nordic ceilings were at levels similar to those of European Union members. In the four Nordic countries that have signed the protocol, emissions of all four pollutants have shown a clear declining trend. While Iceland is not party to the protocol, it has similar domestic reduction targets to the other four, but Iceland has experienced increasing emissions of SO2 and NOX.

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